Posts Tagged ‘energy positions’
Wednesday, September 17th, 2008
September 17, 2008 - The fall in the price of oil during the past two months may not have surprised everyone, but its dramatic nature and swiftness was unexpected. One analyst who got it right was Rob Fraim of Mid-Atlantic Securities. With crude down by almost 40%, a new report on energy has just been published by Rob.
This report is worth perusing for two reasons: (1) Rob has a good long-term track record in this sphere, and (2) a common-sense approach and findings with which I mostly concur. Here are some excerpts from his current report.
Today I will tackle one of the (many) issues with which market participants are grappling. And I will have a sector recommendation that has “hero or a goat” implications for the writer of this missive.
I am cogitating on the disruptions and disasters in the financial sector – and the implications for the broad market. At some point you will hear from me on that subject as this mess unfolds and I feel that I have actionable thoughts to share.
Today though – we talk energy.
I’ll probably get tons of e-mail taking exception to my conclusions and citing multitudinous arcane bits of Economist World data. And I will gladly receive these and will appreciate the input. But that doesn’t have to mean that I will necessarily agree or find reason to change my conclusions.
I am approaching this … and I don’t want to use the word “gut feeling” – given that I believe that I have sound reasons for my opinion on this – but there is a certain amount of “feeling” involved in the process and conclusions. What I see in market action, what I hear from clients, what I sense in the mood of market participants, what I observe in the market’s reaction to events. And with all due respect to economists, the market is often more art than science. So I don my proverbial beret, pick up my figurative brushes and paint, and present my art project. Some fact, some feel, lots of opinion.
What a bleak mood in the energy patch. What a sickening slide. What the h*** happened? What an … opportunity?
Back on June 10, in a piece I wrote entitled “Oil – Whither Goest Thou? ”I gave the opinion that crude oil – then at $136 a barrel was overextended and due for a correction. I said that the $100 or so area looked about right. Of course oil promptly rallied to $147 or whatever it was and I was a stoopie-head for a little while. But since then, well … hey, hey what a genius, huh?
You don’t believe that I actually got something right? OK, you force me to quote/copy/paste. Here is an excerpt from the June 10 flash in which I recommended lightening up on energy stocks:
“Do I think that oil is going to $50? Not a chance? Not $50, not $60, not $80. But I do think that there is a better than average chance that we are going to revisit $100-ish and stabilize there for a while.
“This being the case I am suggesting that reaping some profits and reducing energy positions a bit might be a wise move – at least on a trading basis. Keep a core holding for the long-term, but lighten up. Sell some stuff. Write some covered calls. Hedge a bit. Maintain the core but trade with part of your energy investments. Do something other than get whipsawed.
“… It would not surprise me to see $100-105 oil by the end of the year. That probably equates to gasoline in the $3.50-ish area.”
Of course after that I went on to elaborate brilliantly (oh all right it wasn’t that brilliant, but I did elaborate) on the reasons why I was – at that time, in June – becoming cautious on energy. Recapping (sans the details) the reasons for the selling recommendation were:
a) Demand destruction resulting from changing consumer and transportation industry driving habits and vehicle choices
b) The potential for a rise in the US dollar
c) Slowing demand for China with the Olympics build-out winding down
d) Modest production growth – specifically from Russia
e) Comments from the Saudis saying that there was no justification for the rise in oil prices that had occurred.
Hmm … not too shabby on those points if I do say so myself.
And then I stated the following:
“When the crowd is virtually all leaning in one direction on a sector, you have to take advantage of it at some point. You just have to. Right now everybody says that financials are garbage and energy is gold, and we of course know all of the reasons for both. But just you wait and see… 12 months, 18 months out – when quality banks have risen 30% in price – the analysts will fall in love with them again. And if energy stocks go down 20% the cries to sell will erupt. We have to take the opposite side of the masses sometimes. We. Just. Have. To.”
So as it turns out I was reasonably on target with those comments and the call to reduce energy holdings for a while. (You know what they say about even a blind squirrel finding an acorn every now and then.) Now the burning question on the minds of my readers is this: “What now, Rob?” Well, again, I don’t know how many minds are burning and hearts yearning to hear the answer, but I’ll take a crack anyway.
I don’t expect a huge rally in oil in the near term, but I do believe the correction has just about run its course. Recently when crude approached $100 on the way down, OPEC began the “defending” process by announcing some production cutbacks – hoping to maintain $100 as floor of sorts. But now with the disruptions across all segments of the market, oil prices have moved right through that level – particularly yesterday as panic hit all markets, trading below $92 as I write this. I would not be surprised to see OPEC coming back with more production curtailments.
I am somewhat more bullish on natural gas prices than many analysts I have read, more based on seasonality, but also because of increased focus on natural gas use. (We’ve all seen the Boone Pickens/Aubrey McClendon ads. And we are approaching an election – what politician is going to badmouth natural gas? Heck, Nancy Pelosi said that it isn’t even a fossil fuel. As to the seasonality play, I have had some success through the years in buying natural gas stocks in the fall prior to our entering the heating season for a trade out as spring approaches.
So, I’m kind of reasonably positive on oil itself – the commodity – for the short term. I’m growing more bullish on natural gas – against the opinion of some smart people who feel otherwise.
The key point though is that I am getting significantly more interested in the stocks of the energy companies. Why? Because it doesn’t take $140 oil for the energy companies to make a lot of money. They do very nicely at $100 and the resultant decline in gasoline prices (once we get past this hurricane pricing anomaly) will calm down some of the finger-pointing and windfall profit-espousing by the politicians.
And the prices of the energy company stocks – oil and gas producers, drillers, coal companies, energy trusts, MLPs, alternative energy … the whole bunch of them – have just absolutely plummeted over the last couple of months and it (again I hate to use the word but here I go) feels like a bit of a selling crescendo taking place.
I have made the comment to a number of people the last few days that it seems that we have margin clerks running billion dollar portfolios. We know there was a liquidation of a large energy-focused hedge fund recently. The sector action of late feels/smells/acts like there is more forced selling taking place. And as one astute observer pointed out to me, in addition to the margin clerks, you have to factor in the risk management people at the funds. Forced selling of another sort. On top of that there seem to have been some significant fund redemption requests at hedge funds – particularly by fund-of-fund groups, which are notoriously fickle and prone to pull out.
So now that everything energy-related has been hammered we hear all of the after-the-fact cautionary/bearish thoughts: China doesn’t want any energy anymore … all commodities are going to fall another 50% they say … the economy is going to totally destroy energy demand … we’re all going to bike to work and cook on campfires … we’re going to be awash in cheap oil … blah, blah, yadda, yadda.
We’ve heard it all lately. I’m just not totally buying it. I’m not convinced that the big picture has shifted totally.
I believe that the stocks of energy companies have more than discounted the decline we have seen and then some. 50% declines in stock prices have not been out of the ordinary. I don’t think you have to be a raging, snorting bull on the commodities themselves to believe that the producers of energy products and services will be very nicely profitable – even at today’s lower-than-before prices for oil and gas.
And my very astute friend Jeffrey Saut at Raymond James (who has been spot on about energy and who has become more bullish of late) pointed out something very interesting yesterday. Evidently China – the previous “buyer at the margin,” the force that kept sopping up all supply for so long, which contributed to the big rise in energy before – has been pretty much out of the energy markets for a couple of months. The reason: pollution concerns during the Olympics and the Paralympics (the games for those with disabilities.) Many factories and industries were shut down and idled during that period so as to improve air quality during a time of so many visitors and so much world attention being focused on China. (We know China is image-conscious. Just ask the little girl who was not considered pretty enough to sign the anthem live and was replaced by a more attractive lip-syncher.)
The Paralympics end on September 17, and this means that China may very soon reopen manufacturing and transport – particularly so since there is a massive earthquake rebuilding to be done. And they could well be back in the energy market as buyers almost immediately – like on the 18th. The implications for the energy commodities are positive and a psychology shift in those markets could quickly spill over to the beaten up stocks of the energy companies.
Big picture, let’s not forget a few key energy points:
1. Production in many places is peaking or has peaked. Mexico appears to have peaked and Russia – a recent source of supply and the currently the 2nd largest oil producer – is doing things in a way that is short-term profitable for them, but long-term counterproductive. They are investing very, very little in new exploration (the capital intensive part of the business) – opting instead to try to squeeze out production from existing fields. That’s cheaper production for them in the short run, output has peaked and they are depleting those fields. Ultimately, they stand to be left with played out reserves and few new prospects – since they are skimping horribly on cap-ex and exploration now. It’s like the landlord who spends all the rent and doesn’t maintain the building. Eventually it catches up to him as the structure falls apart. Or the pharmaceutical company that does no R&D even though patents are expiring. Russia is milking the cow but not feeding it.
2. The low-lying fruit in the oil business has been picked. The potential “super giants” being explored and developed now – Brazil’s Carioca/Sugarloaf and the Bakken formation in the US for example, while exciting are also challenging and very expensive to produce on a per barrel basis. Same with the huge Canadian tar sands projects. Tar sand fields have been known of for years, but until oil reached high prices it was economically impractical to extract oil there.
There is still plenty of oil out there, but it is not the cheaply available, “poke a stick in the ground and watch it flow” type of oil. Prices will have to remain high to justify development.
3. While the world got a bit “China and India crazy” there for a while as regards energy consumption, the basic premise remains valid. As these huge populations become more urban and industrialized in nature – with cars, the need for electricity, etc. – there will be growing demand for the foreseeable future. Oh there will be the month-to-month ups and downs of course and everybody will obsess about that. But big picture – demand grows.
4. Alternative energy sources – and look, I’m a big believer that we have to develop new ways to provide power – are a long way from meeting our energy needs. And while they may do so one day, for now those needs must be met from both traditional (fossil) and progressive (alternative) sources. I believe that we need to break the oil addiction via new sources. But that is a process over a generation of time, not an immediate reality. For now, to quote Mr. Pickens, we have to drill, drill, drill.
5. We need more electrical power. Badly. Some experts say as many as 30 new power plants are needed ASAP. We might be oil addicted, but we are electricity junkies of the first magnitude. Computers, multiple TV sets, cell phones, iPods, recessed lighting all over the house, floodlights in the yard, plug-in cars on the way, so many appliances and gadgets in every home that it would have seemed like The Jetsons to a 1960s observer. And what runs power plants? While it might be alternative sources as time goes on, right now and for a good while to come, it’s fuel of the old-style. Natural gas and coal mostly.
6. And speaking of natural gas, I like Pickens’ idea of automobile conversion. We have lots of natural gas produced domestically and it is comparatively clean and certainly readily available. And what does that mean for the future price of natural gas? The same natural gas that runs the power plants being used to run our cars? Not too hard to figure out.
7. If this financial system mess puts pressure on the US dollar that has the obvious effect of causing oil prices to rise, all other things being equal, as it will take more dollars to exchange for one barrel.
By the way, I recently talked to a coal industry contact – a coal broker – who said that although the stock market doesn’t indicate it, the coal business is not bad at all. Pricing is off of the peaks, but still pretty strong and holding. He said that a lot of buyers – utilities in particular – have been playing a waiting game, looking for lower prices. But with winter approaching they don’t have much time left to get their supplies locked in. Some of the buyers have tried to play hardball with him – saying that they would just buy cheaper from someone else. But there isn’t much of “someone else” out their. Demand season is coming up and there’s not a lot of excess.
Additionally, people forget that most coal is sold under long-term contracts, not in the spot market. So the stock market got spooked about falling oil and gas prices and extrapolated that to coal – when in fact these short-term energy market gyrations have less impact on earnings than they do in other energy areas. Heck, lower fuel prices actually kind of help the coal companies in one regard since they are big fuel users for their equipment.
Coal got nutty a few months back and stock prices were way overdone to the upside as hot money chased the relatively small market cap of the whole sector. But after 50% to 60% declines across the board for the coal stocks over the last little bit? Getting very interesting I think.
Oil, coal, natural gas, alternative energy sources, E&P companies, drillers and service companies, energy trusts, MLPs…all have their own particular appeal in a portfolio. I cannot discuss specific companies here, but if you would like to know which stocks I like in which areas, drop me a note or give me a call.
I thought about finishing up this little blurb and sending it out earlier today, but it has been busy – for obvious reasons with the whole Lehman/Bank of America/Merrill Lynch/AIG/Washington Mutual/etc. etc. mess today. And as it turns out it was just as well, since the energy sector (using oil as a proxy) and the market in general have clearly been weak. Some will attribute the $4 drop in crude today to economic weakness and upcoming lower demand. I tend to believe that it is more a function of forced selling, an aversion to risk in the markets, and the old “sell what you can not what you want to” phenomenon. I don’t know exactly where oil bottoms, nor would I be likely to be correct in pronouncing an exact moment for the general market decline.
But I am intrigued enough by energy sector valuations and energy sector prospects to recommend “re-loading” positions starting right now.
As always, I hope that I’m right in the first minutes and days after such a call. But I probably won’t be. However for the weeks and months ahead … I have a good level of confidence in the ultimate success of the idea.
Source: Rob Fraim, Mid-Atlantic Securities, September 16, 2008.
Courtesy: Investment Postcards
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Saturday, June 14th, 2008
Will higher prices for crude oil lead to lower prices? The debate rages on in these days of oil north of $135.
Rob Fraim ‘s recent report (Mid-Atlantic Securities, Inc.) is worth serious consideration as he has a good track record in this sphere, and secondly, his is a common-sense approach. It comes our way courtesy of Investment Postcards Blog, one of the finest on international investing.The paragraphs below are extracts from his excellent report.
I have for quite a lengthy period of time – going back several years – been bullish on energy markets and energy-related stocks. And fortunately this has been a decent call.
So now what? Last week a $10+ jump in the price of crude in one day. Visions of $200 oil dancing in their heads. Articles in the media about $15 gasoline, outcries about speculators driving up the price of oil, and the inevitable somewhat late-to-the-party recommendations to pile into the energy sector now.
Spoiler Alert: I’m going to suggest lightening up positions a bit in the energy sector. Sorry for ruining the suspense, but you’re busy, I’m wordy, and you were probably going to skip to the end anyway.
I’m not suggesting a complete exit – since I still believe that we will have reasonably high energy prices for the foreseeable future and that energy companies will be strong and profitable. However, I also believe that the oil market in particular has gotten a little goofy and frothy and that we are due for a meaningful pullback in crude – which is likely to impact the psychology and pricing for other energy markets as well. We all know how it is when the “hot money” gets out of a sector and how much volatility that can create.
Do I think that oil is going to $50? Not a chance? Not $50, not $60, not $80. But I do think that there is a better than average chance that we are going to revisit $100-ish and stabilize there for a while.
This being the case I am suggesting that reaping some profits and reducing energy positions a bit might be a wise move – at least on a trading basis. Keep a core holding for the long-term, but lighten up. Sell some stuff. Write some covered calls. Hedge a bit. Maintain the core but trade with part of your energy investments. Do something other than get whipsawed.
Why? A combination of fundamental, anecdotal, and emotional factors actually. (I might also throw in technical, psychological, sociological, zoological, anatomical, and astrological if I get really cranked up.)
Here are a few of the reasons why I am reaching this conclusion.
There are some indications that demand is actually beginning to fall – somewhat in the same way that it did in 1979 and 1980 when gas pump pain reduced gasoline use by 5% and 6% respectively.
Miles traveled in the US are down – off 4.3% in March. In the last week of May – with Memorial Day weekend – gas buying was down 3.9% from the previous year. Why the declines?
Consumers are adjusting their driving and consumption habits. There is a real switch toward smaller, more energy-efficient cars and away from trucks and SUVs. In May of this year 4-cylinder cars made up 45% of sales versus just 30% in 2005.
Anecdotally, transportation companies are adjusting as well. We had a conversation with a trucking company recently and they spoke of measures that they have put in place to reduce fuel consumption. They are using monitoring and tracking systems and technology to enforce the 55 mph limit on their drivers – instead of the “unofficial” 65 mph or so that was the norm before. They are very serious about this and have enacted real driver penalties for non-compliance. Different studies have shown different results, but roughly speaking the difference between 55 mph and 65 mph is about a 10% improvement in fuel economy.
A potentially strengthening US dollar can have a big effect. While we tend to focus on supply-and-demand metrics and speculative forces when talking about oil prices, the simple fact is that a lot of the rise in oil prices has been not about oil inflation, but rather dollar deflation. The greenback has been in a downward spiral for months – courtesy of the credit crisis, problems in the US economy, and the long series of interest rate cuts. Now that rates have likely bottomed and as the US economy comes out of panic/fear mode the odds favor somewhat of a rebound in the dollar.
Jeffrey Saut at Raymond James – a strategist for whom I have the utmost respect – has adopted a more bullish stance on the dollar after years of warning about dollar weakness. If he is right – as I suspect he is – dollar appreciation will bring down crude oil pricing – as the need is also lessened for oil producers to keep prices high on crude, which is their primary greenback denominated export.
Back to the supply and demand issues, we know that real (or perceived) energy consumption in the emerging economies in China and India has taken up all the supply “at the margin”. And it is those last few incremental percentage points of usage data that make the difference between tight markets (rising prices) and looser ones (stable to lower prices.) While the China and India growth stories are real – and will be a continuing factor – there are certain things that speak to a modest lessening of demand.
When government subsidies in many Asian nations disappear by year’s end, demand should slacken. And China, stockpiling supplies for the coming Olympics, will likely shift gears and cut back on its energy purchases by August according to some. Now, today’s report regarding potential demand from China speaks otherwise, but then again I could find another item that would again talk about demand leveling off. It’s always a tug of war of course, but I am getting the feeling that the picture is not nearly as one-sided as has been reported.
Furthermore a slackening economy here in the US should also take a little pressure off of the demand side of the equation.
While not the end-all of supply problems, there has been some modest production growth – largely from Russia. So all in all the supply and demand balance seems to be tipping back in a more favorable direction – at least for now – with some estimates and reports indicating that we have moved from a deficit of 900,000 barrels a day that had to be made up by dipping into reserves, to a global “cushion” of 600,000 barrels a day.
I also wonder at what point political ideologies and environmental concerns will crumble to voter dissatisfaction over painful energy prices – possibly opening up drilling in previously “off-limits” areas.
“There is no justification for the current rise in prices,” said Saudi Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi on June 9, 2008, calling for an energy summit between producing and consuming nations. Now to be sure, we can take anything from OPEC nations with a grain of salt, but ultimately it serves the interests of the oil producers for oil prices not to skyrocket too far – since this would encourage serious conservation measures and bring about further political pressure. While excess supply capacity is not huge, Saudi Arabia itself has about 2,000,000 barrels per day in potential production expansion capability.
So with all of that in mind, do I think that we’re going to return to the days of cheap energy and a huge energy price decline – as occurred after the 1980 spike? Hardly. It was easier to increase production back then since oil fields were less mature and exploited. Also there were a lot more energy inefficiencies (in cars, appliances, building materials and techniques) back then than there are now – areas that could be markedly improved easily enough.
No, not cheap energy – just maybe cheaper by a bit. It would not surprise me to see $100 to $105 oil by the end of the year. That probably equates to gasoline in the $3.50-ish area.
Of course the unknown and unknowable regarding crude oil is the geopolitical picture. What if Israel bombs Iran and the Straits of Hormuz are blocked? What about Nigeria? And Hugo Chavez down in Venezuela? And Iraq? Terrorists! Floods! Plagues! Locusts! Well, as we saw last Friday those types of concerns (absent the locusts) have been moving the energy markets. Did anything really happen on Friday – something other than rhetoric – that fundamentally impacted the picture? Not really. It was a speculation and fear-driven spike.
Now I’m not one of these folks who vilifies speculators and blames them for high prices. It’s a free market and speculators actually serve a purpose. But blame it or not, speculation does enter into the pricing picture as speculators vie with actual users of the commodity for a relatively limited pool of sellers. But like ’em or hate ’em, speculators give us our market timing opportunities – to buy when people are selling or sell when most are buying. It just seems to me that more than a little of today’s $136/barrel price tag on oil price has geopolitics/fear/speculation written on it.
Last week I wrote about the (in my view) somewhat silly finger-pointing and ranting about the role of speculators in having driven up the price or energy and noted that ultimately speculators aren’t bigger than the markets and that supply-and-demand always wins out. Speculative moves can last longer and go further than we expect – and no one, me especially, can hope to “top-tick” the market by selling at the very peak. That’s why my recommendation is not a 100% all-or-none exit from energy positions, but instead an attempt to be level-headed and proactive by taking advantage of speculative fever and “ringing the register” on portions of energy exposure.
Source: Rob Fraim,
Mid-Atlantic Securities, Inc, June 10, 2008.
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