Posts Tagged ‘Collateral Asset’
Wednesday, March 14th, 2012
In what could prove to be the most critical unintended consequence, [last week] of the ECB’s LTRO program, we note that as of March 2, the ECB has started to make very sizable margin calls on its credit-extensions to counterparties. While the hope was for any and every piece of lowly collateral to be lodged with the ECB in return for freshly printed money to spend on local government debt, perhaps the expectation of a truly virtuous circle of liquidity lifting all boats forever is crashing on the shores of reality. This ‘Deposits Related to Margin Calls’ line item on the ECB’s balance sheet will likely now become the most-watched ‘indicator’ of stress as we note the dramatic acceleration from an average well under EUR200 million to well over EUR17 billion since the LTRO began. The rapid deterioration in collateral asset quality is extremely worrisome (GGBs? European financial sub debt? Papandreou’s Kebab Shop unsecured 2nd lien notes?) as it forces the banks who took the collateralized loans to come up with more ‘precious’ cash or assets (unwind existing profitable trades such as sovereign carry, delever further by selling assets, or subordinate more of the capital structure via pledging more assets – to cover these collateral shortfalls) or pay-down the loan in part. This could very quickly become a self-fulfilling vicious circle – especially given the leverage in both the ECB and the already-insolvent banks that took LTRO loans that now back the main Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese sovereign bond markets.
This huge increase in margin calls can only further exacerbate the stigma attached to LTRO-facing banks – and as we noted March 7, (somewhat presciently) both the LTRO-Stigma-trade, that we created, and the potential for MtM losses on the carry-trades that LTRO ‘cash’ was put to work in could indeed start a vicious circle in European financials, just as everyone thought it was safe to dip a toe back in the risk pool.
What should also start to worry the Germans is the fact a 37x levered hedge-fund central bank with EUR3 trillion balance sheet that has extended credit in a ‘risk-managed’ approach on what appears to be an ever dwindling supply of performing collateral is starting to see dramatic ‘gaps’ in its asset-liability exposure (but rest assured Bernanke told us that our FX Swaps are safe as houses).
One last point should be noted – the hopes of an LTRO3 or some such are surely now out of the window as clearly banks have run dry of any and all reasonable collateral or can the sovereign bonds purchased using LTRO1 and LTRO2 funds be lodged once again in a rehypothecated miasma circling the drain?
Since last week, the ECB has increased its margin calls on European banks by EUR162 million this week to another record high of over EUR17.3 billion. While our pointing out of this huge jump from ‘average’ historical margin calls last week was met with – it’s temporary/transitory due to temporary/transitory ineligibility of defaulted (and since undefaulted) Greek bonds (which given the rise this week has now been proven incorrect) or the more prosaic “don’t worry, be happy”, we remain concerned at both the velocity and now sustained size of these margin calls (as clearly collateral quality has dropped rapidly and remained weak). This is concerning since it would appear we had a good week for collateral (risk assets) in general, so we can only imagine what garbage is clogging the ECB’s balance sheet. The side-effect of this appears to be (as we pointed out here) that Gold (the banks’ remaining quality collateral) is being sold to cover these margin calls just as it was in September 2011 (though lease rates have not squeezed as much this time). We can only imagine the size of these margin calls should we happen to have a week where AAPL stock drops or BTPs don’t rally (broad collateral actually loses value), but that seems impossible anyway.
ECB Margin Calls to European Banks rose once again to record highs…
And Gold remains offered as the need to fund these margin calls means finding money under every mattress and selling whatever banks have to meet the central banks demands…
Interesting that gold lease rates did not drop (soar from the other side) in a squeeze this time – as they did in September 2011.
Tags: Asset Quality, Bond Markets, Capital Structure, Collateral Asset, Dramatic Acceleration, ECB, Government Debt, Insolvent Banks, Kebab Shop, liquidity, Mtm, Papandreou, Profitable Trades, Rapid Deterioration, Risk Pool, Shortfalls, Stigma, Unintended Consequence, Vicious Circle, Virtuous Circle
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